How is neurofeedback done?


We place sensors on the head and ears to measure and record the brain wave activity.  Then high-tech equipment will display the real-time audio and visual feedback on the 4 key frequency bands on the screen.  No electrical current is put into your brain.  From this we produce a brain map which helps guide the clinician as to which areas of the brain would be the best to assist to better self-regulate.  Then during the actual session the clinician is watching this screen while the client is looking at a separate screen.  Some exercises are done with the eyes open and some with the eyes closed.  With eyes open exercises the client is often watching a video.  The video fads in and out.  This fading in and out is dependent on your brain wave activity and has to do with how the brain is encouraged or discouraged in relation to specific frequency bands.  With eyes closed exercises the software will translate the brain waves into sound frequencies which then the person listens to.  Those tones act as a mirror for the brain to see itself. These training sessions are designed to teach the persons brain to slowly change and retrain their brain wave patterns.   Sessions typically last for about an hour.  Neurofeedback training usually requires at least 25, and most commonly 40 sessions for a moderate degree of imbalance.  Once the brain has developed a new neuro-pathway it remembers it and works more efficiently.